how did cortés conquered the aztecs

He died in 1547. Cortes marched inland in April towards the Aztec capital. Book illustration by J.H. ", Cortés was, nevertheless, important in his reshaping of the world. At Veracruz, Cortés trained his army and then burned his ships to ensure loyalty to his plans for conquest. Cortes entered the Aztec capital of Tenochitian without opposition. She became Malintzin to the natives, which was changed into Malinche by the Spaniards. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? "Like many explorers we know about today, Hernán (also known as Hernando) Cortés's role in the Age of Exploration was influential but controversial," said Erika Cosme, Administrative Coordinator of Education and Digital Services at The Mariner’s Museum and Park in Newport News, Virginia. Over the course of 93 days, the Spanish and their allies mounted assault after assault on the Aztec defenders, gradually wearing them down. He quickly overpowered them, and the natives surrendered. Though Cortés enslaved much of the native population, other indigenous groups were fundamental to his success, according to Cosme. New York, The notorious Huns spread horror throughout Europe and Asia. In 1519, Cortés was set to command his own expedition to Mexico when Velázquez cancelled it. "Cortés' victory secured new and profitable land and opportunities for the Spanish monarch. Nutmeg, cloves and pomander from the Indonesian "Spice Islands" and pepper and cinnamon from India were in high demand, said Cosme. By Cortés responded by sending five now-famous letters to Spanish King Charles V of Spain about the lands he had conquered and life in Mexico. They conferred absolute power on a tlatoani, or ruler. Despite his success, Cortés was hungry for more power and greater thrills. On August 13, 1981, at his California home Rancho del Cielo, Ronald Reagan signs the Economic Recovery Tax Act (ERTA), a historic package of tax and budget reductions that set the tone for his administration’s overall economic policy. Hernan Cortés invaded Mexico in 1519 and conquered the Aztec Empire. He took a small fleet of 11 ships and 600 Spanish soldiers to search for the gold. When Cortés learned that a Spanish force from Cuba led by Pánfilo Narváez were arriving to strip him of his command and arrest him for disobeying orders, Cortés fled the city. Cortés and his crew reached Mexico in February of 1519. This sparked a revolt throughout the city, and many members of Cortés’s garrison were killed in retaliation. He was born around 1474 in Trujillo, Spain. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cortés had heard of the Aztecs and knew that they, and their leader Montezuma II, were a primary force in Mexico. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. He also burned his ships to make retreat impossible. Cortés used his new allies and united them against the Aztecs, who were resented by local groups for the high tributes they … The Aztecs were a primitive people who practiced rituals that were inhumane. The Aztecs were in the midst of a full rebellion. There, Cortés served as a clerk to the treasurer and later as mayor of Santiago. En route he discovered what is now known as the Strait of Magellan and became the more. He gathered a large force of natives including the Tlaxcalans to fight the Aztecs. In 1519, conquistador Hernan Cortes landed on Mexico's Gulf coast and began an audacious conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire. This distinction is important because the erroneous belief that he burned his ships placed Cortés among heroic figures such as Caesar and other ancient heroes.

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